Emeralds have been prized since ancient times. An emerald can be more expensive than some high quality diamonds of the same carat weight.
Emeralds are members of the beryl family of minerals. They get their green color when pure, clear beryl contains either chromium or vanadium.
Beryl can come in other colors and is dependent on what impurities Mother Nature has injected into its otherwise clear makeup. Blue beryl is referred to as aquamarine. The pink colored beryl is known as Morganite. Yellow is usually called just yellow beryl or golden beryl.
Emerald hardness can range from 7.5 to 8 on the Mohs scale. Harder than turquoise which is usually at 5 to 6 but not as hard as a diamond, which is at a 10. Emeralds are fairly hard gem stones but they can sometimes have cracks which can affect their durability.
Emeralds are the birthstone for people born in May and they are sometimes given as an anniversary present for 55 year of marriage.
Columbia produces some of the world’s most beautiful emeralds, they often times are a very rich green color with just a touch of blue.
Emerald History and Folklore
Emeralds are thought to make some people who wear them clairvoyant.
Egyptian emeralds were introduced about 4,000 years ago, but the stones found in the mines are a dull green and not considered high quality.
Emeralds have been traditionally worn to promote healing and enhance love.
Emeralds are one of the few gem stones that can be grown in a lab, reputable jewelers are supposed to disclose when an emerald is synthetic.
Glass an other materials are sometimes used to create fake emeralds.
If you suspect your stone is fake have it checked by a gemologist.